Karakteristik Marshall dari aspal termodifikasi crepe rubber

Bahruddin Bahruddin, Arya Wiranata, Alfian Malik, Robby Kumar

Abstract


Karet alam dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai aditif aspal, baik dalam bentuk lateks, cup lump, dan karet padat (crumb rubber, block skim rubber, dan lain-lain). Penelitian ini bertujuan mempelajari pengaruh penambahan crepe rubber dan antioksidan 1,2-dihydro-2,2,4-trimethyl-quinoline (TMQ) terhadap karakteristik Marshall. Karet alam mentah dalam bentuk cup lump digiling menggunakan creeper hingga didapatkan crepe rubber dengan dry rubber content >95%, lalu dimastikasi menggunakan open mill. Selanjutnya, crepe rubber dilelehkan pada 200 °C sebelum dicampur dengan aspal pada 165 °C. Kadar crepe rubber dalam campuran aspal bervariasi, yaitu 8, 10, dan 12% (b/b). Selama proses pencampuran ditambahkan antioksidan TMQ dengan kadar 1%, 2%, 3% (b/b). Sampel aspal karet diuji karakteristik Marshall sesuai ASTM D6927. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan penambahan crepe rubber meningkatkan stabilitas aspal dalam menahan beban. Hasil optimum diperoleh dengan perlakuan 10% crepe rubber, 2% TMQ, dan 5,50% aspal, dimana memiliki stabilitas Marshall 1.403,96 kg, VFA 75,90%, VIM 3,07%, VMA 15,34%, flow 3,370 mm, dan MQ 416,605 kg/mm.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad, M., Beddu, S., Hussain, S., Manan, A., & Itam, Z. (2019). Mechanical properties of hot-mix asphalt using waste crumber rubber and phenol formaldehyde polymer. AIMS Materials Science, 6(6), 1164–1175. https://doi.org/10.3934/matersci.2019.6.1164

Azahar, N. M., Hassan, N. A., Jaya, R. P., Nor, H. M., Satar, M. K. I. M., Mashros, N., & Mohamed, A. (2019). Mechanical performance of asphalt mixture containing cup lump rubber. Jurnal Teknologi, 81(6), 179–185. https://doi.org/10.11113/jt.v81.13857

Azahar, N. M., Hassan, N. A., Jaya, R. P., Hainin, M. R., Puan, O. C., Shukry, N. A. M., & Hezmi, M. A. (2019). Engineering properties of asphalt binder modified with cup lump rubber. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 220, 012014. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/220/1/012014

Bahruddin, Wiranata, A., Malik, A., Kumar, R., & Permata, D. S. (2019). Pembuatan aspal modifikasi polimer berbasis karet alam tanpa dan dengan mastikasi. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Hasil Litbangyasa Industri II, 2(2), 260–269.

Hassan, N. A., Almusawi, A. A. A., Mahmud, M. Z. H., Abdullah, N. A. M., Shukry, N. A. M., Mashros, N., Jaya, R. P., & Yusoff, N. I. M. (2019). Engineering properties of crumb rubber modified dense-graded asphalt mixtures usingdry process. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 220, 012009. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/220/1/012009

Irfan, M., Ali, Y., Ahmed, S., & Hafeez, I. (2018). Performance evaluation of crumb rubber-modified asphalt mixtures based on laboratory and field investigations. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, 43(4), 1795–1806. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13369-017-2729-2

Lin, P., Yan, C., Huang, W., Li, Y., Zhou, L., Tang, N., Xiao, F., Zhang, Y., & Lv, Q. (2019). Rheological, chemical and aging characteristics of high content polymer modified asphalt. Construction and Building Materials, 207, 616–629. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.02.086

Movilla-Quesada, D., Raposeiras, A. C., Silva-Klein, L. T., Lastra-González, P., & Castro-Fresno, D. (2019). Use of plastic scrap in asphalt mixtures added by dry method as a partial substitute for bitumen. Waste Management, 87, 751–760. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2019.03.018

Nursandah, F., & Zaenuri, M. (2019). Penelitian penambahan karet alam (lateks) pada campuran laston ac-wc terhadap karakteristik Marshall. Jurnal Civilla, 4(2), 262–267.

Pais, J. C., Amorim, S. I. R., & Minhoto, M. J. C. (2013). Impact of traffic overload on road pavement performance. Journal of Transportation Engineering, 139(9), 873–879. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000571

Prastanto, H., Firdaus, Y., Puspitasari, S., Ramadhan, A., & Falaah, A. F. (2019). Study of physical characteristic of rubberized hot mix asphalt based on various dosage of natural rubber latex and solid rubber. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 509, 012049. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/509/1/012049

Putri, E. E., Idral, M., Makinda, J., & Gungat, L. (2019). Marshall properties of porous asphalt with gondorukem rubber addition. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 14(1), 167–180.

Ramadhan, A., Cifriadi, A., Prastanto, H., & Kinasih, N. A. (2018). Effect of depolymerized block skim rubber (BSR) on the physical properties of modified asphalt. Majalah Kulit, Karet, dan Plastik, 34(2), 69–76. http://doi.org/10.20543/mkkp.v34i2.4179

Rochaeti, Utami, R., & Febrianty, L. (2019). Karakteristik Marshall campuran asphalt concrete wearing course dengan modifikasi karet alam padat SIR 20. Prosiding Industrial Research Workshop and National Seminar, 10, 615–623.

Seyrek, E. S., Yalçin, E., Yilmaz, M., Kök, B. V., & Arslanoğlu, H. (2020). Effect of activated carbon obtained from vinasse and marc on the rheological and mechanical characteristics of the bitumen binders and hot mix asphalts. Construction and Building Materials, 240, 117921. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.117921

Shaffie, E., Wan Hanif, W. M. M., Arshad, A. K., & Hashim, W. (2017). Rutting resistance of asphalt mixture with cup lumps modified binder. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 271, 012056. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/271/1/012056

Siswanto, H. (2019). Effect of latex to minimize the use of asphalt in asphalt concrete wearing course. Materials Science Forum, 961, 39–44. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.961.39

Siswanto, H., Supriyanto, B., Pranoto, Chandra, P. R., & Hakim, A. R. (2017). Marshall properties of asphalt concrete using crumb rubber modified of motorcycle tire waste. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1887, 020039. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5003522

Speight, J. G. (2015). Asphalt materials science and technology. Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Sulaiman, S., Utami, R., & Yulianti, N. P. (2018). Karakteristik asphalt concrete wearing course akibat penambahan karet alam padat SIR20 dengan metode eksperimental. Prosiding Industrial Research Workshop and National Seminar, 9, 203–207.

Tauste, R., Moreno-Navarro, F., Sol-Sánchez, M., & Rubio-Gámez, M. C. (2018). Understanding the bitumen ageing phenomenon: A review. Construction and Building Materials, 192, 593–609. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.10.169




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20543/mkkp.v36i2.6108

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Bahruddin, Arya Wiranata, Alfian Malik, Robby Kumar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

MKKP indexed by:

Cover Page Cover Page     Cover Page    Cover Page     Cover Page     Cover Page     Cover Page     Cover Page     Cover Page     Cover Page    Cover Page    Cover Page    Cover Page     Cover Page     Cover Page   Cover Page   Cover Page   Cover Page   Cover Page              

 

 

 

Free counters!