Effect of depolymerized block skim rubber (BSR) on the physical properties of modified asphalt

Arief Ramadhan, Adi Cifriadi, Henry Prastanto, Norma Arisanti Kinasih


The asphalt pavement susceptibility was influenced by traffic load and temperature. Therefore, modified asphalt has been done to improve the asphalt performance. Depolymerized block skim rubber (BSR) was used as asphalt modifier. BSR is a low quality crumb rubber, which made from skim (byproduct of creamed latex). This investigation aims to determine effect of depolymerization of BSR on the physical performance of modified asphalt. Initially, BSR was depolymerized by mechanical action (mastication) with different time of 8, 16, and 24 min. Then, the asphalt modifier, depolymerized BSR was added to asphalt with different ratio 3, 5, 7%. The softening point and mixing time of asphalt were compared with modified asphalt. The performance of modified asphalt showed that asphalt modifiers increased the softening point and mixing time of asphalt. Maximum softening point reached 54.30C by 7% BSR (16 min. of mastication time). The modified asphalt had 25.70C softening point higher than asphalt. It was conclude that depolymerized BSR can increase the performance of asphalt (softening point), although increase the mixing time of it. Moreover, it could give alternative to reduce cost of modified asphalt pavement making.

Full Text:



Alex, R., & Nah, C. (2006). Preparation and characterization of organoclay-rubber nanocomposites via a new route with skim natural rubber latex. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 102(4), 3277-3285. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.24738

Ali, S. A., Yusof, I., Hermadi, M., Alfergani, M. B. S., & Sinusi, A. A. (2013). Pavement performance with carbon black and natural rubber (latex). International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, 2(3), 2249-8958.

Ali, S. I. A., Ismail, A., Yusoff, N. I. M., Karim, M. R., Al-Mansob, R. A., & Alhamali, D. I. (2015). Physical and rheological properties of acrylate-styrene-acrylonitrile modified asphalt cement. Construction and Building Material, 93, 326-334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.05.016

Azizian, M. F., Nelson, P. O., Thayumanavan, P., & Williamson, K. J. (2003). Environmental impact of highway construction and repair materials on surface and ground waters case study: Crumb rubber asphalt concrete. Waste Management, 23(8), 719-728. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0956-053X(03)00024-2

Bai, F., Yang, X., & Zeng, G. (2016). A stochastic viscoelastic–viscoplastic constitutive model and its application to crumb rubber modified asphalt mixtures. Materials & Design, 89, 802-809. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2015.10.040

Bakar, S. K. A., Abdulah, M. E., Kamal, M. M., Rahman, R. A., Hadithon, K. A., Buhari, R., & Tajudin, S. A. A. (2018). Evaluating the rheological properties of waste natural rubber latex modified binder. E3S Web of Conferences, 34(1), 3-7. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20183401037

Blackely, D. C. (1966). High polymer latices: Their science and technology. Volume I: Fundamental principles. London, UK: Maclaren.

Browarzik, D., Laux, H., & Rahimian, I. (1999). Asphaltene flocculation in crude oil systems. Fluid Phase Equilibria, 154(2), 285-300. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3812(98)00434-8

Chen, J. S., Liao, M. C., & Tsai, H. H. (2002). Evaluation and optimization of the engineering properties of polymer-modified asphalt. Practical Failure Analysis, 2(3), 75-83. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02719194

Cifriadi, A., Ramadhan, R., & Prastanto, H. (2012). Accelerate time mixture of asphalt and rubber using black liquor for manufacturing of modified asphalt. Proceedings of National Rubber Conference, 319-399.

George, K. M., Alex, R., Joseph, S., & Thomas, K. T. (2009). Characterization of enzyme-deproteinized skim rubber. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 114(5), 3319-3324. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.30642

Haris, U., Prastanto, H., Alfa, A. A., & Maspanger, D. R. (2010). The economic potential of skim latex processing on latex concentrate industry: Indonesian case. Proceedings of IRRDB International Rubber Conference, 687-693.

Huang, P., Weiming, L., & Fuqing, Z. (2001). Research on performance and technology of the rubber powder modified asphalt mixture. China Journal of Highway Transport, 14, 4-7.

Huang, Y., Bird, R. N., & Heidrich, O. (2007). A review of the use of recycled solid waste materials in asphalt pavements. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 52(1), 58-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2007.02.002

Huang, W., Lin, P., Tang, N., Hu, J., & Xiao, F. (2017). Effect of crumb rubber degradation on components distribution and rheological properties of terminal blend rubberized asphalt binder. Construction and Building Materials, 151, 897-906. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.03.229

Hussein, I. A., Wahab, H. I. A., & Iqbal, M. H. (2006). Influence of polymer type and structure on polymer modified asphalt concrete mix. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 84(4), 480-487. https://doi.org/10.1002/cjce.5450840409

Ibrahim, M. R., Katman, H. Y., Karim, M. R., Koting, S., & Mashaan, N. S. (2013). A review on the effect of crumb rubber addition to the rheology of crumb rubber modified bitumen. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/415246

Kanitpong, K., & Bahia, H. (2005). Relating adhesion and cohesion of asphalts to the effect of moisture on laboratory performance of asphalt mixtures. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 1901(1), 33-43. https://doi.org/10.1177/0361198105190100105

Kök, B. V., & Çolak, H. (2011). Laboratory comparison of the crumb-rubber and SBS modified bitumen and hot mix asphalt. Construction and Building Materials, 25(8), 3204-3212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.03.005

Lewandowski, L. H. (1994). Polymer modification of paving asphalt binders. Rubber Chemistry and Technology, 67(3), 447-480. https://doi.org/10.5254/1.3538685

Liu, G., Nielsen, E., Komacka, J., Greet, L., & van de Ven, M. (2014). Rheological and chemical evaluation on the ageing properties of SBS polymer modified bitumen: From the laboratory to the field. Construction and Building Materials, 51, 244-248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.10.043

Mashaan, N. S., Ali, A. H., Karim, M. R., & Abdelaziz, M. (2014). A review on using crumb rubber in reinforcement of asphalt pavement. The Scientific World Journal, 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/214612

Martinez-Estrada, A., Chavez-Castellanos, A. E., Herrera-Alonso, M., & Herrera-Najera, R. (2010). Comparative study of the effect of sulfur on the morphology and rheological properties of SB- and SBS-modified asphalt. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 115(6), 3409-3422. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.31407

Murgich, J., Rodriguez, J., & Aray, Y. (1996). Molecular recognition and molecular mechanics of micelles of some models asphaltenes and resins. Energy Fuels, 10(1), 68-76. https://doi.org/10.1021/ef950112p

Nair, N. R., Claramma, N. M., Mathew, N. M., Thomas, S., & Rao, S. S. (1995). Flow properties of thermally depolymerized liquid natural rubber. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 55(5), 723-731. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1995.070550508

Presti, D. L. (2013). Recycled tyre rubber modified bitumens for road asphalt mixtures: A literature review. Construction and Building Materials, 49, 863-881. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.09.007

Prastanto, H. (2014). Depolimerisasi karet alam secara mekanis untuk bahan aditif aspal. Jurnal Penelitian Karet, 32(1), 81-87.

Prasoetsopha, N., Chumsamrong, P., & Suppakarn, N. (2011). Effects of type and concentration of initiator on grafting of acrylic monomer onto depolymerized natural rubber. Advanced Materials Research, 264-265, 565-570. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.264-265.565

Tuntiworawit, N., Lavansiri, D., & Phromsorn, C. (2005). The modification of asphalt with natural rubber latex. Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 5, 679-694.

Xiang, L., Cheng, J., & Que, G. (2009). Microstructure and performance of crumb rubber modified asphalt. Construction and Building Materials, 23(12), 3586-3590. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2009.06.038

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20543/mkkp.v34i2.4179


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Arief Ramadhan, Adi Cifriadi, Henry Prastanto, Norma Arisanti Kinasih

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


MKKP indexed by:

Cover Page Cover Page     Cover Page    Cover Page     Cover Page     Cover Page     Cover Page     Cover Page     Cover Page     Cover Page    Cover Page    Cover Page    Cover Page     Cover Page     Cover Page   Cover Page   Cover Page   Cover Page   Cover Page              




Free counters!