PENGARUH KATALITIK KONVERTER PADA PERFORMANSI MESIN DIESEL STASIONER SATU SILINDER DENGAN SISTEM DUA BAHAN BAKAR (DUAL FUEL SYSTEM) SOLAR-BIOGAS DENGAN NILAI METHANE BIOGAS 60%

Arie Matius PP Bangun, Baringin Manalu, Bensazar A. Lumban Raja, Gunung A E. Sinambela, Himsar Ambarita

Abstract


Biogas is an alternative fuel that can be used as fuel in diesel engines. In this study, the machines used are hand tractor diesel engine one cylinder tiger R175 AN modified to operate with two fuel systems (dual fuel). Biogas fuel flow rate varied ie 2, 4, 6 l/min to determine the effect of the performance of the machine. Performance counts is power, torque, specific fuel consumption (SFC), thermal efficiency, and The ratio of air to fuel (AFR) is obtained from the results of the testing machine by using a static load of 600 and 900 Watt, as well as engine speed is increased slowly from 1000 to 1500 rpm with an interval of 100 rpm. Performance testing results obtained are then compared with the same diesel engine that uses pure diesel fuel, so that it can be seen the influence of biogas to the performance of the diesel engine. Exhaust emissions test was conducted to determine the feasibility of exhaust gases from engines using diesel fuel and biogas. Comparison of economic value was also calculated to determine efficiency economic value of the fuel changes. From the test found that the power and torque of the engine is likely to increase for some of the biogas stream flow rate, increased thermal efficiency for the entire biogas flow rate decreases while the AFR and SFC for the entire biogas flow rate. By using biogas, the economic costs incurred also decreased compared with pure diesel fuel.


Keywords


Fossil Fuels; Diesel Fuels; Biogas; Catalytic Converter; Performance; Diesel Engines;

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