Pengaruh Suhu dan Konsentrasi NaOH pada Pembuatan Monogliserol dan Digliserol dari Minyak Sawit Mentah

Ageng Priatni


This research aims to determine the effect of reaction temperature and the concentrations of NaOH as a catalyst in processing Crude Palm Oil into Monogliserol and Digliserol in etanolisis. The research was done by reacting the Crude Palm Oil and 95 % ethanol by using NaOH catalyst by treatment with the reaction temperature and concentration of NaOH in CPO-ethanol mole ratio of 1:6 and reaction time of 30 minutes.  The results were then analyzed to determine its ability as an emulsifier to view the product’s ability to lower surface tension and stabilize oil-water emulsion. The research result indicated that the product has a capability as an emulsifier containing compounds Monogliserol of 9,42 % and   3,35 % for Digliserol. The factor of the temperature and NaOH concentration significantly effect the stability of the emulsion and the surface tension with  concentration of NaOH the best is 3 % and the best temperature was 50 °C.


CPO, ethanol, emulsifier, digliserol, monogliserol

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Akreditasi S2 Vol.10 No.1 th 2016 s/d Vol.14 No.2 th 2020. p-ISSN : 1978-6891, e-ISSN : 2541-5905. 

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