Sifat fisik, mekanik dan akustik papan partikel berbahan dasar batang jagung (Zea mays L.) [Physical, mechanical and acoustical characteristics of particleboard made from corn stalk (Zea mays L.)]

Lilik Astari, Firda Aulya Syamani, Kurnia Wiji Prasetiyo


Corn stalk is considered as agricultural by-products that is abundance and easy to obtain in Indonesia. Corn stalk is an agricultural by-product that highly potential to be exploited as raw material for particleboard production. The research was aimed to evaluate the use of corn stalk in the production of particleboard especially for its acoustics and physical properties. Targeted board density was 0.5 g/cm3and 0.7 g/cm3. The Adhesive used in the board production were urea formaldehyde 10%, phenol formaldehyde 10% and isocyanate (pMDI) 10% based on their solid content. Board dimension was 35 x 35 x 1 cm. The pressure used was 25 kgf/cm2, temperature of 130℃ and 150℃ for 10 minutes. After production, boards were conditioned at room temperature for 7 days prior to testing. The standard for physical and mechanical properties JIS A 5908-2003, Acoustic properties testing was according to JIS A 1405-1963. The result shows that particleboard with isocyanate adhesive both with low and medium density had the best result. Acoustic testing shows that the highest sound absorption coefficient was given by particleboard with isocyanate at frequency 1500 Hz.


corn stalk; particleboard; physic-mechanical properties; acoustical properties

Full Text:



Astari, L., Prasetiyo, K. W., Kusumah, S. S., & Subyakto. (2017). Bulk density, particle distribution and moisture content of particleboard made from corn stalk. In Proceedings The 6th International Symposium for Sustainable Humanosphere (pp. 172–176). Retrieved from

BPPKP. (2017). Potret jagung Indonesia: menuju swasembada tahun 2017. Badan Pengkajian Dan Pengembangan Kebijakan Perdagangan Kementerian Perdagangan, 1005100000(2015), 3–4.

Doost-hoseini, K., Reza, H., & Elyasi, A. (2014). Composites : Part B Correlation between sound absorption coefficients with physical and mechanical properties of insulation boards made from sugar cane bagasse. COMPOSITES PART B, 58, 10–15.

FAOSTAT. (2019). Particle board, production volume (cu. meters) - for all countries. Retrieved February 20, 2019, from board%2C production volume

Faustino, J., Pereira, L., Soares, S., Cruz, D., Paiva, A., Varum, H., … Pinto, J. (2012). Impact sound insulation technique using corn cob particleboard. Construction and Building Materials, 37, 153–159.

Fauziah, Wahyuni, D., & Lapanporo, B. P. (2014). Analisis sifat fisik dan mekanik papan partikel berbahan dasar sekam padi. Positron, IV(2), 60–63.

Goncalves, C., Pereira, J., Paiva, N. T., Ferra, J. M., Martins, J., Magalhaes, F., … Carvalho, L. (2018). Statistical evaluation of the effect of urea-formaldehyde resins synthesis parameters on particleboard properties. Polymer Testing, 68, 193–200.

Guler, C., Sahin, H. I., & Yeniay, S. (2016). the potential for using corn stalks as a raw material for production particleboard with industrial wood chips. Wood Research, 61(2), 299–306.

Haygreen, J. ., & Bowyer, J. . (1996). Hasil hutan dan ilmu kayu: Suatu pengantar. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Japanese Standard Association. (1990). Japan Industrial Standard (JIS) A 1405-1963: Methods of test for sound absorption of acoustical material by tube method. Tokyo, Japan.

Japanese Standard Association. (2003). Japan Industrial Standard (JIS) A 5908:2003. Particleboards. Tokyo, Japan.

Jarabo, R., Monte, M. C., Fuente, E., Santos, S. F., & Negro, C. (2013). Corn stalk from agricultural residue used as reinforcement fiber in fiber-cement production. Industrial Crops and Products, 43(1), 832–839.

Karlinasari, L., Hermawan, D., Maddu, A., Martiandi, B., & Hadi, Y. (2012). Development of particleboard from tropical fast growing species for acoustic panel. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 24(1), 64–69.

Karlinasari, L., Hermawan, D., Maddu, A., & Martianto, B. (2011). Sound absorption and sound insulation characteristics of medium-high density wood wool boards from some tropical fast growing species, 4(1), 8–13.

Khazaeian, A., Ashori, A., & Yahyavi, M. (2015). Suitability of sorghum stalk fibers for production of particleboard. Carbohydrate Polymers, 120, 15–21.

Maloney, T. M. (1993). Modern particleboard and dry process fiberboard manufacturing. San Fransisco: Miller Freeman.

Palacios, P. D., Fernandes, F. G., Garcia-Iurela, A., Gonzales-Rodrigo, B., & Esteban, L. G. (2018). Study of the influence of the physical properties of particleboard type P2 on the internal bond of panels using artificial neural networks. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 155, 142–149.

Pinto, J., Vieira, B., Pereira, H., Jacinto, C., Vilela, P., Paiva, A., … Varum, H. (2012). Corn cob lightweight concrete for non-structural applications. Construction and Building Materials, 34, 346–351.

Sekaluvu, L., Tumutegyereize, P., & Kiggundu, N. (2014). Investigation of factors affecting the production and properties of maize cob-particleboards. waste and biomass valorization, 5, 27–32.

Wang, D., & Sun, X. S. (2002). Low density particleboard from wheat straw and corn pith, 15, 43–50.



  • There are currently no refbacks.



Published by BARISTAND INDUSTRI BANJARBARU (E-ISSN: 2503-0779 dan P-ISSN : 2086-1400).

 Creative Commons License