ANALISA SIFAT KETEGUHAN PATAH DAN TEKAN BETON SEMEN DARI TULANG ROTAN

Djoko Purwanto

Abstract


Indonesia has the potential of rattan is  enough large, but the value of the sale and utilization is still limited as materials for baskets, furniture,  handicrafts and so on. This research purpose to obtain bending and compressure strength properties when the rattan used for substitution  of iron materaial making to  cement concrete building simple houses. The raw material of used for research this is rattan has done processing (preservation and drying). Cement concrete frame made of rattan and molds for casting. Concrete frame rattan incorporated in the mold and filled dough (cement: gravel: sand = 1: 2: 3 plus water as needed). Treatment was observed that the diameter rattan (A) which includes: 8 mm (a1), 10 mm (a2) and 12 mm (a3); and the distance between the iron ring (B) which includes 11 cm (b1); 15 cm (b2); and 19 cm (b3). The number of repeat 3 times. Parameters observed bending and compressure strength.The results of the research rattan diameter 8-12 mm and the distance ring iron 11-19 cm produces bending strength from 18.24 to 40.13 kg /cm2 lower than cement concrete from iron materials (95.76 to 120.36 kg / cm2); and compressure strength from 28.33 to 42.85 kg/cm2 larger                                         than from iron cement concrete materials (20 to 34.67kg/cm2). The results of the research show  bending strength from rattan lower and compressure sterngth than big concrete from iron.

Keywords: rattan, cement concrete, bending strength, compressure strength


Full Text:

PDF

References


Akinyele, J. O, and Aresa, S. W. 2004. Structural Characteristic of Bamboo and Rattan Cane Reinforced Concrete Struts. Department of Civil Engineering. Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta. Nigeria.

Akinyele, J.O., and F. A. Olutoge .F.A. 2011. Properties of Rattan Cane Reinforced Concrete Façade Subjected to Axial Loading. Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 5(11) : 1048-1052. ISSN 1934-7359, USA.

Anonim. 1994. Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI) 03-3527-94. Kayu untuk Bangunan Struktural. Dewan Standardisasi Nasional. Jakarta.

Anonim, 2006. SNI 01-7208-2006. Jenis, Sifat dan Kegunaan Rotan. Badan Standardisasi Nasional. Jakarta.

Anonim, 2007. Atlas Rotan Indonesia Jilid I. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hasil Hutan. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hasil Hutan. Departemen Kehutanan. Bogor.

Januminro, 2000. Rotan Indonesia. Yogyakarta.

Nurwati,H. 2004. Sifat Fisik dan Mekanik Kayu. Pusat Penelitian Teknologi Hasil Hutan. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kehutanan. Departemen Kehutanan. Bogor.

Sarjito Jokosisworo, 2009. Pengaruh Penggunaan Serat Kulit Rotan Sebagai Penguat Pada Komposit Polimer dengan Matriks Polyester Yukalac 157 Terhadap Kekuatan tarik dan Tekuk. Jurnal Teknik. 30(3):191 – 196. Fakultas Teknik. Jurusan Perkapalan. Undip. Semarang.

Sudjana. 1985. Desain Eksperimental. Bandung : PT. Tarsito.

Sunyoto, D. 2009. Analisis Regresi dan Uji Hipotesis. Cetakan Pertama. Yogyakarta : Med Press.

Tellu, 2006. Kladistik Beberapa jenis Rotan Calamus spp Asal Sulawesi Tengah Berdasarkan Karakter Fisik dan Mekanik Batang. Biodiversitas. 7(3): 225 -229. Untad Palu.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24111/jrihh.v6i2.1232

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




JRIHH INDEXED BY :

       
       


Published by BARISTAND INDUSTRI BANJARBARU (E-ISSN: 2503-0779 dan P-ISSN : 2086-1400).

 Creative Commons License