Pengaruh pH dan dosis adsorben dari limbah lumpur aktif industri crumb rubber terhadap kapasitas penyerapan ion Cd(II) dan Zn(II)

Salmariza Sy, Desi Kurniawati, Intan Lestari, H Harmiwati, Monik Kasman

Abstract


Pernelitian dengan sistim batch telah dilakukan untuk mempelajari pengaruh perlakuan pH larutan dan dosis adsorben yang dibuat dari limbah lumpur aktif industri crumb rubber (LLA-ICR) terhadap kapasitas adsorpsi dan efisiensi penyisihan ion Cd(II) dan Zn(II) dalam larutan.  Pengamatan meliputi variasi pH larutan pada range 1-7 dan dosis adsorben LLA-ICR 0,1 g - 1,0 g. Karakterisasi adsorben sebelum dan sesudah proses adsorpsi dilakukan dengan menggunakan FTIR, XRF dan SEM–EDX. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan pH larutan dan dosis adsorben berpengaruh pada kapasitas adsorpsi dan efisiensi penyisihan ion Cd(II), dan Zn(II).  pH optimum didapatkan pada pH 5. Semakin rendah dosis adsorben, maka semakin tinggi kapasitas adsorpsi namun semakin rendah efisiensi penyisihan ion Cd(II) dan Zn(II).  Dosis adsorben optimum didapatkan pada 0,1g, dengan kapasitas adsorpsi dan efisiensi penyisihan ion Cd(II) > Zn(II). Kapasitas adsorpsi maksimum untuk ion Cd(II) dan  Zn(II) berturut-turut 29,8 mg/g dan 10,3 mg/g. Efisiensi penyisihan maksimum intuk ion Cd(II) dan ion Zn(II) adalah 95,4% dan 87,9%. 

Abstract

A batch system has been carried out to study the treatment effect of pH solution and adsorbent dosage derived from crumb rubber (LLA-ICR) industrial activated sludge on the adsorption capacity and removal efficiency of Cd(II) and Zn(II) ions in aqueous solution. Observations included variations in the the solution pH in the range 1-7 and the LLA-ICR adsorbent dosage of 0.1 g - 1.0 g. Characterization of the adsorbent before and after the adsorption process was carried out using FTIR, XRF, and SEM-EDX. The results showed that the treatment of the pH solution and the adsorbent dose affected the adsorption capacity and removal efficiency of Cd(II) and Zn(II) ions. The optimum pH was obtained at pH 5. The lower the adsorbent dose the higher the adsorption capacity, however the lower the efficiency removal of Cd(II) and Zn(II) ions. The optimum adsorbent dosage was obtained at 0.1 g with adsorption capacity and removal efficiency of Cd(II) > Zn(II) ions. The maximum adsorption capacity for Cd(II) and Zn(II) ions were 29.8 mg/g and 10.3 mg/g respectively. The maximum removal efficiency forCd (II) and Zn(II) ions were 95.4% and 87.9%.


Keywords


adsorben; limbah lumpur aktif; crumb rubber; LLA-ICR; dosis

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24960/jli.v8i2.4290.95-104

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