Efek Pemordanan terhadap Pewarnaan Menggunakan Kombinasi Limbah Cair Gambir dan Ekstrak Kayu Secang pada Kain Rayon dan Katun

F Failisnur, S Sofyan, Robby Kumar

Abstract


Combination of gambier liquid waste and secang wood (Caesalpinea sappan L.) can add color variations of fabric dyed with natural dyes. This research explained the effect of dyeing combination of gambir liquid waste and secang wood with different mordant method and type on the color shade and other characteristics of rayon and cotton dyed fabric. The mordant process was performed as much as 1 and 2 times using CaO, Al(2SO4)3, FeSO4 mordant and then compared without mordant treatment. The result of the dyed fabrics was evaluated the color shade, color strength (K/S), and fastness properties. The results showed that the color shade of rayon and cotton fabrics were varied. Rayon fibers had a greater affinity and absorption to the liquids waste of gambier and secang wood than in cellulose fibers. The mordant process could increase color strength (K/S) and color fastness to washing, acidic perspiration, rubbing, and light.

ABSTRAK

Kombinasi limbah cair gambir dan kayu secang (Caesalpinea sappan L.) dapat menambah variasi warna kain yang dicelup dengan pewarna alami. Penelitian ini menjelaskan tentang efek pewarnaan kombinasi limbah cair gambir dan kayu secang dengan metoda dan  jenis mordan yang berbeda terhadap arah warna dan karakteristik lainnnya dari kain rayon dan katun hasil celupan. Proses mordan yang digunakan adalah 1 kali dan 2 kali mordan menggunakan CaO, Al(2SO4)3, FeSO4 yang dibandingkan dengan tanpa mordan. Kain hasil pewarnaan dievaluasi arah warna, intensitas warna (K/S), dan ketahanan luntur warna. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan arah warna kain rayon dan katun yang lebih bervariasi. Serat rayon memiliki afinitas dan penyerapan yang lebih besar terhadap zat warna limbah cair gambir dan kayu secang dibandingkan dengan serat selulosa.  Proses mordan dapat meningkatkan intensitas warna (K/S) dan ketahanan luntur warna terhadap pencucian, keringat asam, gosokan, dan sinar.


Keywords


Gambier liquid waste; secang wood extract; color shade; color strength; color fastness properties

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)

References


Ahmad, W.Y.W., Rahim, R., Ahmad, M.R., Kadir, M.I.A., Misnon, M.I., 2011. The application of Gluta aptera wood ( Rengas ) as natural dye on silk and cotton fabrics. Univers. J. Environ. Res. Technol. 1, 545–551.

Arbain, A., Sy, S., Kasim, A., 2014. Perilaku krom dalam limbah cair penyamakan kombinasi krom-gambir dan krom-mimosa pada penyamakan kulit. J. Litbang Ind. 4, 59–66. doi:10.24960/jli.v4i1.646.59-66

Cristea, D., Vilarem, G., 2006. Improving light fastness of natural dyes on cotton yarn. Dye. Pigment. 70, 238–245. doi:10.1016/j.dyepig.2005.03.006

Failisnur, Sofyan, 2016. Pengaruh suhu dan lama pencelupan benang katun pada pewarnaan alami dengan ekstrak gambir (Uncaria gambir Roxb). J. Litbang Ind. 6, 25–37. doi:10.24960/jli.v6i1.716.25-37

Failisnur, Sofyan, 2014. Sifat tahan luntur dan intensitas warna kain sutera dengan pewarna alam gambir (Uncaria gambir Roxb) pada kondisi pencelupan dan jenis fiksator yang berbeda. J. Litbang Ind. 4, 1–8. doi:10.24960/jli.v4i1.634.1-8

Failisnur, Sofyan, Hermianti, W., 2017. Pemanfaatan limbah cair pengempaan gambir untuk pewarnaan kain batik. J. Litbang Ind. 7, 19–28. doi:10.24960/jli.v7i1.2695.19-28

Failisnur, Yeni, G., 2013. Stabilization of gambier process wastewater and its aplication as silk dye. Biopropal Ind. 4, 7–16.

Fardhayanti, D.S., Riski, R.D., 2015. Pemungutan brazilin dari kayu secang (Caesalpinia sappan L) dengan metode maserasi dan aplikasinya untuk pewarna kain. J. Bahan Alam Terbarukan 4, 8–17. doi:10.15294/jbat.v4i1.3768

Fu, L.C., Huang, X.A., Lai, Z.Y., Hu, Y.J., Liu, H.J., Cai, X.L., 2008. A new 3-benzylchroman derivative from Sappan Lignum (Caesalpinia sappan). Molecules 13, 1923–1930. doi:10.3390/molecules13081923

Holinesti, R., 2007. Studi pemanfaatan pigmen brazilein kayu secang (Caesalpinia sappan L.) sebagai pewarna alami serta stabilitasnya pada model pangan. Bogor Agricultural University., Bogor.

Khattak, S.P., Rafique, S., Hussain, T., Ahmad, B., 2014. Optimization of fastness and tensile properties of cotton fabric dyed with natural extracts of Marigold flower (Tagetes erecta) by pad-steam method. Life Sci. J. 11, 52–60.

Kilinc, M., Canbolat, S., Merdan, N., Dayioglu, H., Akin, F., 2015. Investigation of the color , fastness and ntimicrobial properties of wool fabrics dyed with the natural dye extracted from the cone of Chamaecyparis lawsoniana. Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci. 195, 2152–2159. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.06.281

Kumaresan, 2013. Comparison of fastness properties and colour strength of dyed cotton fabrics with eco-friendly natural dyes. Exp. 8, 483–489.

Mirjalili, M., Karimi, L., 2013. Extraction and characterization of natural dye from green walnut shells and its use in dyeing polyamide: Focus on antibacterial properties. J. Chem. 2013. doi:10.1155/2013/375352

Moiz, A., Aleem Ahmed, M., Kausar, N., Ahmed, K., Sohail, M., 2010. Study the effect of metal ion on wool fabric dyeing with tea as natural dye. J. Saudi Chem. Soc. 14, 69–76. doi:10.1016/j.jscs.2009.12.011

Prayitno, R.E., Wijana, S., Diyah, B.S., 2014. Pengaruh bahan fiksasi terhadap ketahanan luntur dan intensitas warna kain mori batik hasil pewarnaan daun Alpukat (Persea americana Mill.).

Punrattanasin, N., Nakpathom, M., Somboon, B., Narumol, N., Rungruangkitkrai, N., Mongkholrattanasit, R., 2013. Silk fabric dyeing with natural dye from mangrove bark (Rhizophora apiculata Blume) extract. Ind. Crops Prod. 49, 122–129. doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2013.04.041

Rosyida, A., 2015. Pengaruh variasi pH dan fiksasi pada pewanaan kain kapas dengan zat warna alam dari kayu nangka, in: Prosiding Seminar Nasional 4th UNS SME’s Summit & Awards 2015. pp. 101–112.

Samanta, A.K., Agarwal, P., 2009. Application of natural dyes on textiles. Indian J. Fibre Text. Res. 34, 384–399.

Samanta, A.K., Konar, A., 2011. Dyeing of textiles with natural dyes. Nat. Dye. 29–56. doi:10.5772/21341

Silfia, S., Muchtar, H., Failisnur, F., 2015. Pengaruh perbedaan persentase penambahan gliserin dan konsentrasi larutan ekstrak gambir terhadap beberapa sifat fisika dan kadar tanin tinta stempel. J. Litbang Ind. 5, 53–59.

Sofyan, S., Failisnur, F., 2017. Reuse of liquid waste from textile dyeing with natural dyes gambier (Uncaria gambir Roxb.) for cotton yarn dyeing. ARPN J. Eng. Appl. Sci. 12, 5313–5318.

Sofyan, S., Failisnur, F., 2016. Gambir (Uncaria gambir Roxb) Sebagai Pewarna Alam Kain Batik Sutera, Katun, dan Rayon. J. Litbang Ind. 6, 89–98. doi:10.24960/jli.v6i2.1721.89-98

Sofyan, Failisnur, Sy, S., 2015. Pengaruh perlakuan limbah dan jenis mordan kapur, tawas, dan tunjung terhadap mutu pewarnaan kain sutera dan katun menggunakan limbah cair gambir (uncaria gambir roxb). J. Litbang Ind. 5, 79–89. doi:10.24960/jli.v5i2.668.79-89

Sugiyanto, R.N., Rahmadani Putri, S., Damanik, F.S., Sasmita, G.M.A., 2013. Aplikasi kayu secang (Caesalpinia sappan L.) dalam upaya prevensi kerusakan DNA akibat paparan zat potensial karsinogenik melalui MNPCE assay, in: Diltilabmas (Ed.), E-Proceeding PimNas. Ditjen DIKTI RI.

Uddin, M.G., 2014. Effects of different mordants on silk fabric dyed with onion outer skin extracts. J. Text. 2014, 1–8. doi:10.1155/2014/405626

Wanyama, P.A.G., Kiremire, B.T., Ogwok, P., Murumu, J.S., 2010. The effect of different mordants on strength and stability of colour produced from selected dye-yielding plants in Uganda. Iaast 1, 81–92.

Yeni, G., Syafruddin, D., Kasim, A., Amos, 2016. Tannic ability test of cube black and liquid waste of gambier to leather tanned quality. J. Litbang Ind. 6, 73–82.

Yeni, G., Syamsu, K., Mardliyati, E., Muchtar, H., 2017. Penentuan teknologi proses pembuatan gambir murni dan katekin terstandar dari gambir asalan. J. Litbang Ind. 7, 1–10. doi:10.24960/jli.v7i1.2846.1-10

Yusuf, M., Mohammad, F., Shabbir, M., 2017. Eco-friendly and effective dyeing of wool with anthraquinone colorants extracted from Rubia cordifolia roots: Optimization, colorimetric and fastness assay. J. King Saud Univ. - Sci. 29, 137–144. doi:10.1016/j.jksus.2016.06.005

Zhao, Q., Feng, H., Wang, L., 2014. Dyeing properties and color fastness of cellulase-treated flax fabric with extractives from chestnut shell. J. Clean. Prod. 80, 197–203. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.05.069




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24960/jli.v7i2.3541.93-100

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 F Failisnur, S Sofyan, Robby Kumar


Our journal indexed by:




Copyright © Baristand Industri Padang, 2015. Powered By OJS

Theme design credited to MEV edited by JLI

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License