Pengaruh Penggunaan Sukrosa dan Penstabil Karboksi Metil Selulosa (CMC) terhadap Mutu dan Gingerol Jahe Instan

F Firdausni, Wilsa Hermianti, Robby Kumar

Abstract


Ginger contains gingerol which is very useful in the pharmaceutical and food industries. Gingerol has an ability as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. Processing of ginger into instant ginger can make it easy in presentation and the stability of ginger availability. The research was aimed to get the technology and manufacturing process of instant ginger products with good quality and a high content of gingerol. The study was conducted with the treatment of sucrose addition 100% granulated sugar, the ratio of granulated sugar and palm sugar (3:1) and (1:1), and the addition of stabilizer carboxy methyl cellulose (CMC) namely control (0%), 0.5%, and 1%. The results showed that the addition of sugar as a source of sucrose and the addition of stabilizers CMC could affect the product quality. The treatment of granulated sugar and palm sugar ration (3:1) and the addition of stabilizers CMC 1% produced an optimum result with water content 1.54%, ash content 0.73%, sugar content 76%, total dissolved solids 97,01%, total acid 0.16%, as well as analysis of 6,8,10 gingerol was 1.240 mg g-1; 0.045 mg g-1; 0.070 mg g-1respectively and 6 shogaol 0.175 mg g-1.
 

ABSTRAK

Jahe mengandung gingerol yang sangat bermanfaat dalam industri farmasi dan makanan. Gingerol memiliki kemampuan sebagai antioksidan dan antiinflamasi. Pengolahan jahe menjadi jahe instan akan memudahkan dalam penyajian dan stabilitas ketersediaan jahe. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mendapatkan teknologi proses dan pembuatan produk jahe instan dengan mutu baik serta kandungan gingerol yang tinggi. Penelitian dilakukan dengan perlakuan variasi penambahan sukrosa yaitu gula pasir 100%, perbandingan gula pasir dan gula aren (3:1) dan (1:1), serta penambahan penstabil karboksimetil selulosa (CMC), yaitu kontrol, 0,5%, dan 1%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penambahan variasi gula sebagai sumber sukrosa dan penambahan penstabil CMC dapat mempengaruhi mutu produk. Perlakuan pemakaian gula pasir : gula aren (3:1) dan penambahan penstabil CMC 1% memberikan hasil optimal dengan kadar air 1,54%, kadar abu 0,73%, kadar gula 76%, total padatan terlarut 97,01%, total asam 0,16 %, serta analisis 6,8,10 gingerol berturut turut, yaitu 1,240 mg/g; 0,045 mg/g; 0,070 mg/g; dan 6 shogaol 0,175 mg/g.


Keywords


ginger; stabilizers; gingerol; instant ginger; CMC

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24960/jli.v7i2.3364.137-146

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