KOMPOSIT KARET ALAM DAN GRAPHENA TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK MEKANIK VULKANISAT VELG BAN BUSA PADAT

Popy Marlina, Hari Adi Prasetya

Abstract


Penelitian ini fokus pada penggunaan graphena sebagai filler karet alam. Tujuan penggunaan graphena  untuk meningkatkan sifat mekanik vulkanisat velg ban busa padat.  Graphene adalah bahan pengisi yang penting bagi polimer untuk meningkatkan sifat listrik, mekanik atau barrier karena sifat mekaniknya yang baik.  Graphena dengan muatan berbeda (10, 20 dan 30 phr) divariasikan dengan sulfur (10 dan 20 phr), kemudian dikompositkan dengan karet alam.   Pengaruh variasi muatan pengisi graphena dan sulfur pada pampatan tetap dan ketahanan usang untuk kekerasan, tegangan putus dan perpanjangan putus vulkanisat velg ban busa padat dipelajari.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bahan pengisi dan sulfur dengan muatan paling efektif dalam karet alam pada 30 dan 20 phr.  Perlakuan H6 menunjukkan sifat mekanik yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan perlakuan H7 menggunakan bahan pengisi carbon black.  Graphena dapat digunakan sebagai bahan pengisi produk karet, khususnya velg ban busa padat, dan alternatif bahan pengisi komersil.


Keywords


Graphena, karet alam, karakteristik mekanik, velg ban busa padat

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)

References


Azira, A. A., Kamal, M. M., & Rusop, M. (2016). Reinforcement of graphene in natural rubber nanocomposite. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1733. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4948821

Das, A., & Heinrich, G. (2020). Encyclopedia of Polymeric Nanomaterials. Encyclopedia of Polymeric Nanomaterials, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-36199-9

Hasan, A., Dewi, E., Purnamasari, I., Irawan, D., & S, P. Y. A. (2019). Variasi Tanah Liat Di Berbagai Lapisan Area Tambang Pt . Bukit Asam ( Persero ) Tbk . The Physical Properties Of Rubber Vulcanize With Filling Materials Of Clay Soils In Various Mine Area Layers Bukit Asam ( Persero ) Tbk . 10(01), 31–37.

Hernández, M., Bernal, M. del M., Verdejo, R., Ezquerra, T. A., & López-Manchado, M. A. (2012). Overall performance of natural rubber/graphene nanocomposites. Composites Science and Technology, 73(1), 40–46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2012.08.012

Lee, C., Wei, X., Kysar, J. W., & Hone, J. (2008). Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene. Science, 321(5887), 385–388. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1157996

Maridass, B., & Gupta, B. R. (2006). Effect of carbon black on devulcanized ground rubber tire-natural rubber vulcanizates: Cure characteristics and mechanical properties. Journal of Elastomers and Plastics, 38(3), 211–229. https://doi.org/10.1177/0095244306063480

Marlina, P., Pratama, F., Hamzah, B., & Pambayun, R. (2014). Karakteristik Kompon Karet Dengan Bahan Pengisi Arang Aktif Tempurung Kelapa Dan Nano Silika Sekam Padi Characteristics of Rubber Compound With the Fillers of Activated Coconut Shell Carbon and Nano-Sized Silica From Rice Husks. Rindit Pambayun J Tek Ind Pert, 25(1), 85–93.

Mustafa, J.I. (2016). Natural Rubber/ Reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO) Composite Development. Thesys. January, 2016.

Novoselov, K. S., Fal’Ko, V. I., Colombo, L., Gellert, P. R., Schwab, M. G., & Kim, K. (2012). A roadmap for graphene. Nature, 490(7419), 192–200. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11458

Prasetya, H. A., & Marlina, P. M. (2019). Pengaruh Bahan Pengisi Arang Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit Terhadap Swelling Dan Ketahanan Usang Karet Kopling Kendaraan Bermotor Roda Dua. Jurnal Dinamika Penelitian Industri, 30(1), 38. https://doi.org/10.28959/jdpi.v30i1.5137

Prasetya, H. A., Marlina, P., & Widjajanti, R. (2020). Aging resistance and functional group analysis of natural rubber/oil palm empty fruit bunch charcoal composites. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2237(June). https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0005338

Process, L. M. (2020). High Silica Content Graphene / Natural Rubber Composites Prepared by a Wet Compounding.

Sayed, F., Parmar, M., & Auti, S. (2019). A review on graphene. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering, 8(09), 323–331. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2490-1_29

Soldano, C., Mahmood, A., & Dujardin, E. (2010). Production, properties and potential of graphene. Carbon, 48(8), 2127–2150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2010.01.058

Stankovich, S., Dikin, D. A., Dommett, G. H. B., Kohlhaas, K. M., Zimney, E. J., Stach, E. A., Piner, R. D., Nguyen, S. B. T., & Ruoff, R. S. (2006). Graphene-based composite materials. Nature, 442(7100), 282–286. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04969

Tang, B., Hu, G., Gao, H., & Hai, L. (2015). Application of graphene as filler to improve thermal transport property of epoxy resin for thermal interface materials. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 85, 420–429. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2015.01.141

Wu, X., Lin, T. F., Tang, Z. H., Guo, B. C., & Huang, G. S. (2015). Natural rubber/graphene oxide composites: Effect of sheet size on mechanical properties and straininduced crystallization behavior. Express Polymer Letters, 9(8), 672–685. https://doi.org/10.3144/expresspolymlett.2015.63.

Xin Liu, Le-Ying Wang, Li-Fen Zhao, Hai-Feng He, Xiao-Yu Shao, Guan-Biao Fang, Zhen-Gao Wan, Rong-Chang Zeng. 2016. Research Progress of Graphene-Based Rubber Nanocomposites. Polymer Composite. Pp. 1 – 17. https ://doi,org/10.1002/pc.24072

Yang, H., Yao, X. F., Zheng, Z., Gong, L. H., Yuan, L., Yuan, Y. N., & Liu, Y. H. (2018). Highly sensitive and stretchable graphene-silicone rubber composites for strain sensing. Composites Science and Technology, 167(August), 371–378. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2018.08.022

Zhan, Y., Wu, J., Xia, H., Yan, N., Fei, G., & Yuan, G. (2011). Dispersion and exfoliation of graphene in rubber by an ultrasonically- assisted latex mixing and in situ reduction process. Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, 296(7), 590–602. https://doi.org/10.1002/mame.201000358




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.28959/jdpi.v32i1.6962

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Dinamika Penelitian Industri

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.