Utilization of Fiber Empty Bunches of Palm Oil as a growing medium of Pleurotus ostreatus

Hidayati Hidayati, Mohammad Rusdi Hidayat

Abstract


The Utilization of fiber empty bunches of palm oil as a medium for the growth of Pleurotus ostreatus is an effort to reduce waste in the palm oil industry. This research aims to determine the best formulation of fiber empty bunches from palm oil and sawdust as a growth medium for P. ostreatus. The results showed that the fiber combined with sawdust can be used as a medium for the growth of P. ostreatus in Pontianak. The Growth of mycelium, fruiting bodies, hoods diameter and number of fruiting bodies produced were different in each treatment group. The use of a mixture of 50% fiber without pretreatment and 50% sawdust (B2D0) gave the best results indicated from the weight of P. ostreatus was 149.39 g/baglog and biological efficiency was 49.8%.

Keywords


biological efficiency; fiber empty bunches of palm oil; Pleurotus ostreatus; sawdust

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alwiah. (2008). Pertumbuhan dan perkembangan Pleurotus sp. pada media serbuk gergajian kayu sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria). Skripsi. Fakultas Kehutanan. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2014). Kalbar Dalam Angka. Provinsi Kalimantan Barat.

Dahyar, A. (2010). Pemanfaatan Limbah Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit dan Azola Menjadi Kompos Pupuk Tablet. Tesis. Sekolah Pasca Sarjana. Universitas Sumatera Utara, Sumatera Utara.

Jumbriah. (2006). Bioremediasi Tanah Tercemar Diazinon Secara Ex Situ dengan Menggunakan Kompos Limbah Media Jamur (Spent Mushroom Compost). Tesis. Sekolah Pascasarjana. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Kartika, L., Pudyastuti, Y.M. & Gunawan, A.W. (1995). Campuran Serbuk Gergaji Kayu Sengon dan Tongkol Jagung sebagai Media untuk Budi Daya Jamur Tiram Putih. Hayati. 2(1), 23-27.

Kim, S. & Kim, C.H. (2013). Bioethanol Production Using the Sequential Acid/alkali-pretreated Empty Palm Fruit Bunch Fiber. Renewable Energy. 54, 150-155.

Kurniati, E. (2008). Pemanfaatan Cangkang Kelapa Sawit sebagai Arang Aktif. Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Teknik. 8(2), 96-103.

Mahajoeno, E., Lay, W.B. & Sutjahjo, H.S. Siswanto. (2008). Potensi Limbah Cair Pabrik Minyak Kelapa Sawit untuk Produksi Biogas. Biodiversitas. 9(1), 48-52.

Manuella, M. & Gunawan, D.A.W. (1997). Pertumbuhan Panus sp. pada Media Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit. Hayati. 4(2), 51-52.

Meinanda, I. (2013). Panen Cepat Budidaya Jamur. Padi: Bandung.

Muryanto, Sahlan, M. & Sudiyani, Y. (2012). Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch for Bioethanol Production by Rhizopus oryzae. International Journal of Environment and Bioenergy. 3(2), 111-120.

Ningtyas, V.A. & Astuti, L.Y. (2010). Pemanfaatan Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit Sisa Media Jamur Merang (Volvariella volvacea) sebagai Pupuk Organik dengan Penambahan Aktivator Effective Microorganism EM-4. Skripsi. Fakultas Teknik. Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya.

Siregar, H.J. (2010). Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Jamur Merang (Volvariella volvaceae) pada Media Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit dengan Waktu Fermentasi yang Berbeda. Skripsi. Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Sumatera Utara.

Sudirman, L.I, Sutrisna, A., Listiyowati, S., Fadli, L. & Tarigan, B.A.L.A.M.A.N. (2011). The Potency of Oil Palm Plantation Wastes for Mushroom Production. In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products (pp. 383-389). France.

Sudiyani, Y., Heru, R. & Alawiyah, S. (2010). Pemanfaatan Biomassa Limbah Lignoselulosa untuk Bioetanol sebagai Sumber Energi Baru Terbarukan. Ecolab. 4(1), 1-54.

Tabi, M., Nafissa, A., Ahmad, Z.F., fauzai, M., Fauzan, W.N., Ali, N. & Hassan, O. (2008). The Usage of Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) and Palm Pressed Fibre (PPF) as Substrates for the Cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus. Jurnal Teknologi. (49), 189–196.

Tan, L., Yu, Y., Li, X., Zhao, J., Qu, Y., Choo, Y.M. & Loh, S.K. (2013). Pretreatment of Empty Fruit Bunch from Oil Palm for Fuel Ethanol Production and Proposed Biorefinery Process. Bioresource Technology. (135), 275-282.

Wardani, I.D. (2012). Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit (TKKS) Sebagai Alternatif Pupuk Organik. Diakses 2 Juli 2015, dari:https://uwityangyoyo.wordpress.com/2012/01/04/tandan-kosong-kelapa-sawit-tkks-sebagai-alternatif-pupuk-organik/.

Yoeswono, Triyono & Iqmal, T. (2007). Pemanfaatan Limbah Abu Tandan Kosong Sawit Sebagai Katalis Basa pada Pembuatan Biodiesel dari Minyak Sawit. J. Manusia dan Lingkungan. 14(2), 55-62.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36974/jbi.v6i2.837

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


BIOPROPAL Industri

Published by :

Institute for Industrial Research and Standardization (Baristand Industri) in Pontianak

Agency for Industrial Research and Development, Ministry of Industry 

Jl. Budi Utomo No. 41 Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia

Tel / Fax : +62 561 881393, 881533

email      : biopropal.industri@gmail.com

 

BIOPROPAL Industri indexed in: 

Hasil gambar untuk gambar doajHasil gambar untuk gambar google scholar