POTENSI KOMODITI HASIL PERKEBUNAN SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKU PRODUK DISINFEKTAN ALAMI (ULASAN)

Dwi Indriana, Irwan Syakari, Andi Nur Amalia, Rahayu Wulandari

Abstract


Berbagai cara telah dilakukan sebagai upaya pencegahan penyebaran virus Covid-19, salah satunya dengan penggunaan disinfektan untuk mensterilisasi permukaan benda yangsering disentuh oleh manusia. Umumnya disinfektan mengandung alkohol, klorin, dan hidrogenperoksida. Namun, penggunaan bahan kimia dalam disinfektan dikhawatirkan akan memicurisiko kesehatan dikemudian hari karena senyawa tersebut dapat bersifat karsinogenik(beracun) apabila terhirup oleh pernapasan manusia dalam jangka panjang hingga dapatmenimbulkan iritasi dan peradangan. Selain bahan-bahan kimia, beberapa bahan alami jugadapat digunakan sebagai bahan pembuat disinfektan. Namun, perlu dilakukan penelitian lebihlanjut keefektifannya dalam membunuh mikroorganisme. Ulasan ini bertujuan untuk mengetahuipotensi hasil perkebunan sebagai antivirus. Beberapa penelitian menyebutkan bahwakandungan dalam bahan alam seperti eugenol pada cengkeh, piperin pada lada hitam, asamlaurat pada kelapa, dan flavonoid quercitrin pada Eucalyptus globulus dapat digunakan sebagaizat antivirus.

Keywords


antivirus, Covid-19, disinfektan, tanaman perkebunan, bahan alam

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)

References


Abbas, A. A., Assikong, E. B., Akeh, M., Upla, P., & Tuluma, T. (2017). Antimicrobial activity of coconut oil and its derivative (lauric acid) on some selected clinical isolates. Int. J. Med. Sci. Clin. Invent, 4(8), 3173–3177.

Aboubakr, H. A., Nauertz, A., Luong, N. T., Agrawal, S., El-Sohaimy, S. A. A., Youssef, M. M., & Goyal, S. M. (2016). In vitro antiviral activity of clove and ginger aqueous extracts against feline calicivirus, a surrogate for human norovirus. Journal of Food Protection, 79(6), 1001–1012.

Ahmad, N., Fazal, H., Abbasi, B. H., Farooq, S., Ali, M., & Khan, M. A. (2012). Biological role of Piper nigrum L.(Black pepper): A review. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2(3), S1945–S1953.

Al-Salihi, S. S., & Jumaah, I. A. M. (2017). Activity of Some Disinfectants, Detergents and Essential Oils on Growth of the yeast Candida albicans. Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science, 28(1), 25–34.

Anzaku, A. A. (2017). Antimicrobial Activity of Coconut Oil and its Derivative (Lauric Acid) on Some Selected Clinical Isolates. International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Inventions, 4(8). https://doi.org/10.18535/ijmsci/v4i8.12

Bachir, R. G., & Benali, M. (2012). Antibacterial activity of the essential oils from the leaves of Eucalyptus globulus against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2(9), 739–742. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2221-1691(12)60220-2

Broto, L. S. (2014). Derivatisasi minyak cengkeh, dalam cengkeh: Sejarah, Budidaya dan Industri. Indesco Jakarta Dan Biologi UKSW Salatiga, 123–164.

Burt, S. A., & Reinders, R. D. (2003). Antibacterial activity of selected plant essential oils against Escherichia coli O157: H7. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 36(3), 162–167.

Carrasco, F. R., Schmidt, G., Romero, A. L., Sartoretto, J. L., Caparroz‐Assef, S. M., Bersani‐Amado, C. A., & Cuman, R. K. N. (2009). Immunomodulatory activity of Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Salvia officinalis L. and Syzygium aromaticum L. essential oils: evidence for humor‐and cell‐mediated responses. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 61(7), 961–967.

Chami, F., Chami, N., Bennis, S., Bouchikhi, T., & Remmal, A. (2005). Oregano and clove essential oils induce surface alteration of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Phytotherapy Research: An International Journal Devoted to Pharmacological and Toxicological Evaluation of Natural Product Derivatives, 19(5), 405–408.

Chen, W., Tang, H., Jiang, N., Zhong, Q., Hu, Y., Chen, H., & Chen, W. (2019). Antibacterial Effect of Black Pepper Petroleum Ether Extract against Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella typhimurium. Journal of Food Quality, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/2356161

Cressy, H. K., Jerrett, A. R., Osborne, C. M., & Bremer, P. J. (2003). A novel method for the reduction of numbers of Listeria monocytogenes cells by freezing in combination with an essential oil in bacteriological media. Journal of Food Protection, 66(3), 390–395.

da Silva, J. K. R., Pinto, L. C., Burbano, R. M. R., Montenegro, R. C., Guimarães, E. F., Andrade, E. H. A., & Maia, J. G. S. (2014). Essential oils of Amazon Piper species and their cytotoxic, antifungal, antioxidant and anti-cholinesterase activities. Industrial Crops and Products, 58, 55–60.

De Siqueira Mota, V., Turrini, R. N. T., & De Brito Poveda, V. (2015). Antimicrobial activity of Eucalyptus globulus oil, xylitol and papain: A pilot study. Revista Da Escola de Enfermagem, 49(2), 216–220. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420150000200005

Dolan, A., Cunningham, C., Hector, R. D., Hassan-Walker, A. F., Lee, L., Addison, C., … Emery, V. C. (2004). Genetic content of wild-type human cytomegalovirus. Journal of General Virology, 85(5), 1301–1312.

Epstein, W. W., Netz, D. F., & Seidel, J. L. (1993). Isolation of piperine from black pepper. Journal of Chemical Education, 70(7), 598.

Feres, M., Figueiredo, L. C., Barreto, I. M., Coelho, M. H., Araujo, M. W., & Cortelli, S. C. (2005). In vitro antimicrobial activity of plant extracts and propolis in saliva samples of healthy and periodontally-involved subjects. Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology, 7(3), 90–96.

Friedman, M., Henika, P. R., & Mandrell, R. E. (2002). Bactericidal activities of plant essential oils and some of their isolated constituents against Campylobacter jejuni, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella enterica. Journal of Food Protection, 65(10), 1545–1560.

G, A. K. C., Ghosh, A., Gurnani, P., Shah, A., Sahu, D., & Anuradha, K. (2016). ORIGINAL RESEARCH C omparative E fficacy of E ucalyptus O il and C ommercially A vailable D isinfectant A gainst D ental U nit W aterlines- A n E xperimental S tudy, 2(6), 28–32.

Ghalem, B. R., & Mohamed, B. (2008). Antibacterial activity of leaf essential oils of Eucalyptus globulus and Eucalyptus camaldulensis. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 2(10), 211–215.

Goni, P., López, P., Sánchez, C., Gómez-Lus, R., Becerril, R., & Nerín, C. (2009). Antimicrobial activity in the vapour phase of a combination of cinnamon and clove essential oils. Food Chemistry, 116(4), 982–989.

Govarthanan, M., Seo, Y.-S., Lee, K.-J., Jung, I.-B., Ju, H.-J., Kim, J. S., … Oh, B.-T. (2016). Low-cost and eco-friendly synthesis of silver nanoparticles using coconut (Cocos nucifera) oil cake extract and its antibacterial activity. Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology, 44(8), 1878–1882.

Halliwell, B. (1999). Antioxidant defence mechanisms: from the beginning to the end (of the beginning). Free Radical Research, 31(4), 261–272.

Hardel, D. K., & Laxmidhar, S. (2011). A review on phytochemical and pharmacological of Eucalyptus globulus: a multipurpose tree. International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy (IJRAP), 2(5), 1527–1530.

Hendry, E. R., Worthington, T., Conway, B. R., & Lambert, P. A. (2009). Antimicrobial efficacy of eucalyptus oil and 1,8-cineole alone and in combination with chlorhexidine digluconate against microorganisms grown in planktonic and biofilm cultures. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 64(6), 1219–1225. https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkp362

Hussein, G., Miyashiro, H., Nakamura, N., Hattori, M., Kakiuchi, N., & Shimotohno, K. (2000). Inhibitory effects of Sudanese medicinal plant extracts on hepatitis C virus (HCV) protease. Phytotherapy Research: An International Journal Devoted to Pharmacological and Toxicological Evaluation of Natural Product Derivatives, 14(7), 510–516.

Jang, M. H., Piao, X. L., Kim, J. M., Kwon, S. W., & Park, J. H. (2008). Inhibition of cholinesterase and amyloid-&bgr; aggregation by resveratrol oligomers from Vitis amurensis. Phytotherapy Research, 22(4), 544–549. https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr

Larhsini, M., Oumoulid, L., Lazrek, H. B., Wataleb, S., Bousaid, M., Bekkouche, K., & Jana, M. (2001). Antibacterial activity of some Moroccan medicinal plants. Phytotherapy Research: An International Journal Devoted to Pharmacological and Toxicological Evaluation of Natural Product Derivatives, 15(3), 250–252.

Latifah-Munirah, B., Himratul-Aznita, W. H., & Mohd Zain, N. (2015). Eugenol, an essential oil of clove, causes disruption to the cell wall of Candida albicans (ATCC 14053). Frontiers in Life Science, 8(3), 231–240.

Laurina, D. (2009). Isolasi Piperin dari Lada Hitam dan Sintesis Asam Piperat serta Uji Aktivitasnya sebagai Antibakteri Escherichia coli. SKRIPSI Jurusan Kimia-Fakultas MIPA UM.

Leja, K., Szudera-Kończal, K., Świtała, E., Juzwa, W., Kowalczewski, P., & Czaczyk, K. (2019). The Influence of Selected Plant Essential Oils on Morphological and Physiological Characteristics in Pseudomonas Orientalis. Foods, 8(7), 277. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8070277

Lila, B.-M., Sakina, S., & Khodir, M. (2012). Antioxidant effects and phytochemical analysis of crude and chromatographic fractions obtained from Eucalyptus globulus bark. African Journal of Biotechnology, 11(42), 10048–10055.

Meghwal, M., & Goswami, T. K. (2012). Nutritional constituent of black pepper as medicinal molecules: A review. Open Access Scientific Reports, 1(1), 1–7.

Minasari, M. (2016). Effect of essential oils of clove and cumin against the growth of Staphylococus Aureus isolated from Denture Stomatitis. Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry, 28(1).

Mittal, R., & Gupta, R. L. (2000). In vitro antioxidant activity of piperine. Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, 22(5), 271–274.

Mohamed, S. G., & Badri, A. M. (2017). Antimicrobial activity of Syzygium aromaticum and Citrus aurantifolia essential oils against some microbes in Khartoum, Sudan. EC Microbiology, 6, 253–259.

Mytle, N., Anderson, G. L., Doyle, M. P., & Smith, M. A. (2006). Antimicrobial activity of clove (Syzgium aromaticum) oil in inhibiting Listeria monocytogenes on chicken frankfurters. Food Control, 17(2), 102–107.

Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A., & Phillipson, J. D. (1996). Herbal medicines. A guide for health-care professionals. The pharmaceutical press.

Nitbani, F. O., Siswanta, D., & Solikhah, E. N. (2016). Isolation and antibacterial activity test of lauric acid from crude coconut oil (Cocos nucifera L.). Procedia Chemistry, 18, 132–140.

Novilla, A., Nursidika, P., & Resmelia, M. (2016). Potensi asam lemak pada minyak kelapa murni dalam menghambat Candida albicans secara in vitro. Majalah Kedokteran Bandung, 48(4), 200–204.

Nuñez, L., & D’Aquino, M. (2012). Microbicide activity of clove essential oil (Eugenia Caryophyllata). Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 43(4), 1255–1260. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822012000400003

Núñez, L., D’Aquino, M., & Chirife, J. (2001). Antifungal properties of clove oil (Eugenia caryophylata) in sugar solution. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 32(2), 123–126. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822001000200010

Ogunwande, I. A., Olawore, N. O., Ekundayo, O., Walker, T. M., Schmidt, J. M., & Setzer, W. N. (2005). Studies on the essential oils composition, antibacterial and cytotoxicity of Eugenia uniflora L. International Journal of Aromatherapy, 15(3), 147–152.

Palombo, E. A., & Semple, S. J. (2002). Antibacterial activity of Australian plant extracts against methicillin‐resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin‐resistant enterococci (VRE). Journal of Basic Microbiology: An International Journal on Biochemistry, Physiology, Genetics, Morphology, and Ecology of Microorganisms, 42(6), 444–448.

Pawar, V. C., & Thaker, V. S. (2006). In vitro efficacy of 75 essential oils against Aspergillus niger. Mycoses, 49(4), 316–323.

Polzin, G. M., Stanfill, S. B., Brown, C. R., Ashley, D. L., & Watson, C. H. (2007). Determination of eugenol, anethole, and coumarin in the mainstream cigarette smoke of Indonesian clove cigarettes. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 45(10), 1948–1953.

Schnitzler, P., Schön, K., & Reichling, J. (2001). Antiviral activity of Australian tea tree oil and eucalyptus oil against herpes simplex virus in cell culture. Die Pharmazie, 56(4), 343–347.

Song, A., Wang, Y., & Liu, Y. (2009). Study on the chemical constituents of the essential oil of the leaves of Eucalyptus globulus Labill from China. Asian Journal of Traditional Medicines, 4(4), 34–140.

Sudarma, I. M., Ulfa, M., & Sarkono, S. (2009). CHEMICAL TRANSFORMATION OF EUGENOL ISOLATED FROM CLOVE OIL TO 4-ALLYL-2-METHOXY-6-SULFONICPHENOL AND 4-ALLYL-2-METHOXY-6-AMINOPHENOL. Indonesian Journal of Chemistry, 9(2), 267–270.

Sururi, R. M., Rachmawati, S. D., & Sholichah, M. (2008). Perbandingan Efektifitas Klor dan Ozon sebagai Desinfektan pada Sampel Air dari Unit Filtrasi Instalasi PDAM Kota Bandung. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains dan Teknologi-II.

Suryani, S., Sariani, S., Earnestly, F., Marganof, M., Rahmawati, R., Sevindrajuta, S., … Fudholi, A. (2020). A Comparative Study of Virgin Coconut Oil, Coconut Oil and Palm Oil in Terms of Their Active Ingredients. Processes, 8(4), 402.

Tampieri, M. P., Galuppi, R., Macchioni, F., Carelle, M. S., Falcioni, L., Cioni, P. L., & Morelli, I. (2005). The inhibition of Candida albicans by selected essential oils and their major components. Mycopathologia, 159(3), 339–345.

Tang, H., Chen, W., Dou, Z. M., Chen, R., Hu, Y., Chen, W., & Chen, H. (2017). Antimicrobial effect of black pepper petroleum ether extract for the morphology of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella typhimurium. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 54(7), 2067–2076. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-017-2644-2

Tchobanoglous, G., & Burton, F. L. (1991). Wastewater engineering: treatment, disposal, and reuse. Metcalf & Eddy.

Teixeira, B., Marques, A., Ramos, C., Neng, N. R., Nogueira, J. M. F., Saraiva, J. A., & Nunes, M. L. (2013). Chemical composition and antibacterial and antioxidant properties of commercial essential oils. Industrial Crops and Products, 43, 587–595.

Tjin, L. D., Setiawan, A. S., & Rachmawati, E. (2016). Exposure time of virgin coconut oil against oral Candida albicans. Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry, 28(2).

Tulungen, F. R. (2019). Cengkeh Dan Manfaatnya Bagi Kesehatan Manusia Melalui Pendekatan Competitive Intelligence. Biofarmasetikal Tropis, 2(2), 158–169.

Widiyanti, R. A. (2015). Pemanfaatan Kelapa Menjadi VCO (Virgin Coconut Oil) Sebagai Antibiotik Kesehatan Dalam Upaya Mendukung Visi Indonesia Sehat 2015. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Biologi Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, 21 Maret 2015.

Xu, J. G., Liu, T., Hu, Q. P., & Cao, X. M. (2016). Chemical composition, antibacterial properties and mechanism of action of essential oil from clove buds against staphylococcus aureus. Molecules, 21(9), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules21091194

Zou, L., Hu, Y. Y., & Chen, W. X. (2015). Antibacterial mechanism and activities of black pepper chloroform extract. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 52(12), 8196–8203. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-015-1914-0




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33104/jihp.v16i1.6848

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Industri Hasil Perkebunan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Our journal indexed by:




Copyright © BALAI BESAR INDUSTRI HASIL PERKEBUNAN, 2019.(p-ISSN 1979-0023 | e-ISSN 2477-0051 ). Powered By OJS

Theme design credited to MEV edited by BBIHP